Typical Program of Study in a Mechanical Engineering Course
As you begin to study mechanical engineering, your program will most likely include the following four components:
- General education courses in the humanities, social sciences, and fine arts
- Preparatory courses in mathematics, science, and computer programming
- Core courses in fundamental mechanical engineering subjects
- Elective courses on specialized topics that you find particularly interesting.
After completing the core curriculum, you often will have the flexibility to build an individualized program of study through elective courses in such fields as aerospace engineering, automotive engineering, computer-aided design, manufacturing, bio-medical engineering, and robotics, among other fields.
Please Read : What do Mechanical Engineers do in their career.
The major topics in a typical mechanical engineering curriculum are shown in Figure. While the topics are allocated into separate branches, the mechanical engineering curriculum is becoming an integrated system with interrelationships among many of the courses, topics, and knowledge areas.
Study Program of Mechanical Engineering Course
Innovation and Design
At the heart of being a mechanical engineer are innovation and design.An important place to start your study is to understand that the design of products, systems, and processes is how mechanical engineers impact the social, global, environmental, and economic challenges in the world. Engineers are relied on to be creative not only in solving technical problems in innovative ways, but to find and to pose these problems in novel ways. Knowledge of innovation and design will require the study of how a design process is structured, including the following topics:
- The development of system requirements from a variety of system stakeholders
- The generation of innovative concept alternatives and the effective selection and realization of a final design
- Principles of sound decision making applied to the multitude of tradeoffs involved in a product development process .
In addition, knowledge of contemporary and emerging issues is critical to design products and systems that will sustain and transform lives, communities, economies, nations, and the environment. Of course, because of the direct impact mechanical engineers have on potentially billions of lives, they must be outstanding professionals of the highest character. To become such a professional, you will learn the following skills:
- Sound technical problem-solving skills
- Effective practices in technical communications (oral presentations, technical reports, e-mails)
- The latest digital and cyber-enabled tools to support engineering design processes .
Instruction on innovation and design would not be complete without some fundamental understanding of the processes required to physically realize products. This includes course materials focused on the manufacturing sciences and on how products actually get built, produced, and assembled.
Engineering Sciences and Analysis
Providing the foundation for the curricular components of innovation and design are the core engineering sciences and analysis. A series of courses focus on mechanical systems, including modeling and analyzing the components of mechanical devices (e.g., gears, springs, mechanisms). These core courses usually include the following issues:
- Understanding the forces that act on machines and structures during their operation, including components that move and those that do not
- Determining whether structural components are strong enough to support the forces that act on them and what materials are the most appropriate.
- Determining how machines and mechanisms will move and the amount of force, energy, and power that is transferred between them.
Another series of courses focus on thermal fluid principles, including modeling and analyzing the behavior and properties of thermodynamic and fluidic systems. These core courses usually include the following issues:
- The physical properties of liquids and gases and the drag, lift, and buoyancy forces present between fluids and structures
- The conversion of energy from one form to another by efficient power generation machinery, devices, and technologies
- Temperature control and the management of heat through the processes of conduction, convection, and radiation
Along with formal study, it is also important to gain experience through summer employment, internships, research projects, co-op programs, and study abroad opportunities. Those experiences, as well as courses completed outside the formal engineering program, will greatly broaden your perspective of the role that engineering plays in our global societies. Increasingly, employers are looking for engineering graduates who have capabilities and experiences above and beyond the traditional set of technical and scientific skills. Knowledge of business practices, interpersonal relationships, organizational behavior, international cultures and languages, and communication skills are important factors for many engineering career choices. For instance, a corporation with overseas subsidiaries, a smaller company that has customers in foreign countries, or a company that purchases instrumentation from an overseas vendor will each value engineers who are conversant in foreign languages. As you plan your engineering degree, choose electives, and perhaps prepare for a minor degree. Pay attention to those broader skills.